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If such problems arise substantially in other domains, we stand ready to extend this provision to those domains in future versions of the GPL, as needed to protect the freedom of users. Finally, every program is threatened constantly by software patents. States should not allow patents to restrict development and use of software on general-purpose computers, but in those that do, we wish to avoid the special danger that patents applied to a free program could make it effectively proprietary.

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Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work, but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the combination as such.

Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. Each version is given a distinguishing version number. Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a later version. If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee.

If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms. To do so, attach the following notices to the program. If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:.

If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. Sie gelangen zu diesen 3 Formaten indem Sie den Links details of folgen und dann dem Namen des Handbuchs. Sie sollte diese Kapitel von vorne bis hinten lesen. Beim ersten Durchlesen sollten Sie diesen Verlinkungen nicht folgen. Wenn Sie das gesamte Handbuch einmal gelesen haben, werden Sie wahrscheinlich einige Abschnitte noch einmal lesen und dann auch den Links folgen, um weitere Informationen zu erhalten.

Ein Vergleich von LilyPond mit anderen Notensatzprogrammen wird auch vorgenommen. LilyPond erfordert es, dass Noten als Text eingegeben werden. Der Rest der Dokumentation ist zum Nachschlagen gedacht, wenn Sie eine bestimmte Art von Notationszeichen oder -typ brauchen. Hierbei handelt es sich um eine Anzahl sehr stark verlinkter Seiten, welche alle klitzekleinen Details von jeder einzigen LilyPond-Klasse, jedem Objekt und jeder Funktion dokumentieren.

Beispielsweise die meisten Variablen, die Dickewerte, Entfernungen usw. Jeder Abschnitt der Notationsreferenz hat einen Siehe auch -Abschnitt, der auf diese Dokumentation verweist. The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and useful document free in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially.

Secondarily, this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for modifications made by others. We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free software, because free software needs free documentation: a free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the software does. But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book.

We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference. This License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium, that contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed under the terms of this License. Such a notice grants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration, to use that work under the conditions stated herein.

You accept the license if you copy, modify or distribute the work in a way requiring permission under copyright law. Thus, if the Document is in part a textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not explain any mathematics. The relationship could be a matter of historical connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal, commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding them. If a section does not fit the above definition of Secondary then it is not allowed to be designated as Invariant.

The Document may contain zero Invariant Sections. If the Document does not identify any Invariant Sections then there are none. A copy made in an otherwise Transparent file format whose markup, or absence of markup, has been arranged to thwart or discourage subsequent modification by readers is not Transparent. An image format is not Transparent if used for any substantial amount of text. The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice which states that this License applies to the Document.

These Warranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference in this License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other implication that these Warranty Disclaimers may have is void and has no effect on the meaning of this License. You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no other conditions whatsoever to those of this License.

You may not use technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further copying of the copies you make or distribute. However, you may accept compensation in exchange for copies. If you distribute a large enough number of copies you must also follow the conditions in section 3. You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and you may publicly display copies.

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If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering more than , you must either include a machine-readable Transparent copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with each Opaque copy a computer-network location from which the general network-using public has access to download using public-standard network protocols a complete Transparent copy of the Document, free of added material. If you use the latter option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you begin distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated location until at least one year after the last time you distribute an Opaque copy directly or through your agents or retailers of that edition to the public.

It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document. You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy of it. In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:.

If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all of these sections as invariant. These titles must be distinct from any other section titles. Only one passage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by or through arrangements made by any one entity.

If the Document already includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit permission from the previous publisher that added the old one. The author s and publisher s of the Document do not by this License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.

You may combine the Document with other documents released under this License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its license notice, and that you preserve all their Warranty Disclaimers. The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single copy. If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but different contents, make the title of each such section unique by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number.

Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work. You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects. You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.

When the Document is included in an aggregate, this License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which are not themselves derivative works of the Document. Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket the whole aggregate. Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4.

Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special permission from their copyright holders, but you may include translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the original versions of these Invariant Sections. You may include a translation of this License, and all the license notices in the Document, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided that you also include the original English version of this License and the original versions of those notices and disclaimers.


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In case of a disagreement between the translation and the original version of this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will prevail. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently reinstated, receipt of a copy of some or all of the same material does not give you any rights to use it. Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number.

If the Document does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published not as a draft by the Free Software Foundation. A public wiki that anybody can edit is an example of such a server. To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of the License in the document and put the following copyright and license notices just after the title page:. If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other combination of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the situation.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit their use in free software.

LilyPond – Notation für Jedermann

Diese Mailingliste ist der zentrale Ort, an dem Benutzer diskutieren und einander helfen. Die Sprache der Liste ist Englisch. Zu deutschsprachiger Hilfe, siehe unten. Diese Mailingliste hat ein sehr geringes Mailaufkommen und kann nur gelesen werden. Diskussionen der Entwicklern finden auf dieser Liste statt. Fehlermeldungen und Diskussionen finden hier statt, jedoch bitte keine Patches an diese Liste senden. Translation mailing list archive.

Es sollten keine Warnungen und Fehlermeldungen produziert werden, die nicht mit dem Problem im Zusammenhang stehen. Wenige Minimalbeispiele brauchen mehr als 10 Zeilen, meistens kann das Problem mit vier Zeilen gezeigt werden! Wenn Sie einen Fehler entdeckt haben, der nicht aufgelistet ist, helfen Sie uns bitte, indem Sie einen Fehlerbericht bug report erstellen. Achtung: Wir akzeptieren Fehlerberichte nur als Minimalbeispiele. Fast jeder Fehler kann mit vier oder sogar weniger Noten demonstriert werden!

Wenn Sie sichergestellt haben, dass der Fehler noch nicht bekannt ist und einen Fehlerbericht erstellt haben, senden sie ihn bitte an uns! Wenn Ihr Fehlerbericht an die Liste versandt wurde, untersuchen unsere Fehlerbeseitiger engl. Sie werden eventuell nach mehr Information gefragt. Achtung: Wir empfehlen, dass Beitragende, die Windows oder MacOS X benutzen, nicht ihre eigene Entwicklungsumgebung einrichten, sondern anstattdessen lilybuntu benutzen, welches besprochen ist in Schnellstart.

Das LilyPond-Projekt kann derartige Verabredungen nicht koordinieren, wir wollen deshalb weder dazu aufrufen noch davon abraten. Hier ist eine Liste der Leute, die sich Dienstleistungen sponsoren lassen. Die Menge an Arbeit, die unterschiedliche Entwickler im Laufe des Jahres vollbringen, kann stark schwanken. Das einzige Kriterium ist, dass die entsprechende Person um Aufnahme in die Liste gebeten hat. Statistiken bis 2. Stabile Versionen haben eine gerade zweite Versionsnummer also etwa 2. Entwicklerversionen haben eine ungerade zweite Versionsnummer also 2.

Windows: LilyPond 2. Source: lilypond Die Entwicklung von LilyPond ist eine ziemlich komplizierte Angelegenheit. Es ist dies eine ausgezeichnete Gelegenheit neue Entwickler zu finden und diejenigen, die bereits an LilyPond mitwirken zu motivieren, ihr Engagement zu vertiefen. Beseitigen Sie Probleme bei der Synchronisation von Vorschlagsnoten. Das tritt besonders dann auf, wenn viele Notensysteme verwendet werden und einige Vorschlagsnoten haben und andere nicht. Balken sollten sich am Kontext und benachbarten Noten orientieren siehe Abschnitt 2.

We are happy to announce the release of LilyPond 2. This release is a further pre-release test version for the upcoming stable 2. If you require a stable version of LilyPond, we recommend using the 2. LilyPond is a music engraving program devoted to producing the highest-quality sheet music possible.

It brings the aesthetics of traditionally engraved music to computer printouts. This version provides a number of updates to 2. We recommend all users to upgrade to this version. We hope they produce great results and stay in the developer community afterwards. Nathan will tackle an annoying limitation, namely the unability of spanners to cross voices. His work will make a class of ugly workarounds obsolete.

Jeffery will bring the ScholarLY package[1] to production quality and add a LaTeX package to it, making it possible to create beautiful critical reports from data encoded directly in the LilyPond score. Great thanks go to the large number of LilyPond enthusiasts whose financial backing enabled one core developer, David Kastrup, to focus exclusively on LilyPond during the entire development cycle.

Thanks to developers, contributors, bug hunters and suggestions for v2. This release is a pre-release test version for the upcoming stable 2. This release includes a number of enhancements, and contains some work in progress. You will have access to the very latest features, but some may be incomplete, and you may encounter bugs and crashes.

At long last, we are very happy to announce the release of LilyPond 2. We would like to acknowledge and thank Masamichi Hosoda for making this release possible with his work on updating GUB, the build tool. The ceremony took place at the Frankfurt Musikmesse. We congratulate Janek and Urs for gaining such public recognition of typographical and editorial excellence of their work. We are also delighted to inform you that they intend to make their work available under a Free license as soon as the publisher expenses are covered.

Please support this initiative by buying the printed volume through the publisher [3]. The manuals are now for 2. There will be a further release of 2. To summarise the current situation: stable LilyPond application: 2. The developers believe this to be feature-complete, the documentation to be accurate, and no important issues to be overlooked. For upgrading the syntax of your input files to the latest version, see Updating files with convert-ly.

Please test this release and report back any problems, see Bug reports. The developers believe the release to be feature-complete, the documentation to be accurate, and no important issues to be overlooked. The developers are still busy finding solutions for some last-minute problems, but the release is supposed to be feature-complete, the documentation to be accurate, and no important issues to be overlooked.

This release contains the usual number of bugfixes and enhancements, and contains some work in progress. This update cures the issue with the Windows version crashing with a problem with positioning text. You can find it at lilypondblog. This release contains the usual number of bugfixes including putting span bars back where they should be and enhancements, and contains some work in progress.

This release is mainly to correct a problem with lilypond-book running on Windows. We recommend that only people requiring this functionality upgrade to this version. Of course, there are also some musings on LilyPond triggered by the release of 2. There are also two monthly financial reports from David Kastrup whose work on LilyPond is solely paid for by financial contributions from other developer and users thank you! Come read LilyPond Report 28 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! This has a number of updates to the previous stable version, and should cause no problems.

We recommend that everybody upgrade to this version. This release contains the usual number of bugfixes. It is strongly recommended that normal users do not use this release, and instead use the stable 2. LilyPond is a music engraving program, devoted to producing the highest-quality sheet music possible. Many improvements have been made in the past year since the previous main stable version.

A few major improvements are:. We are excited to announce the release of LilyPond 2. With this release, development on version 2. All users are urged to try this version to ensure the best quality of the upcoming stable release. If you discover any problems, please send us Fehlerberichte. New features since 2. Please note that due to a few Critical bugs, this is not the next release candidate. Also to be found in this issue are an overview of some lesser-known LilyPond companion projects, and a handful of more shallow factoids.

Come read LilyPond Report 27 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! We have discovered a regression since 2. However, please continue testing it — we would like to discover and fix! LilyPond 2. All users are invited to experiment with this version. There are no known Critical issues with this release. If no Critical bugs are found, then the official 2. The LilyPond Report is back, with a new editor on board - Pavel Roskin, who tells us about his adventures in strange lands of compiler bugs! There is also a detailed report about current development status, and an analysis of example LilyPond output - see for yourself how close or how far?

Come read LilyPond Report 26 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! Being a part of GNU project , we are participating in Google Summer of Code program , which offers students stipends for working on open source software. He will be working on advanced lyrics positioning in LilyPond. Also included in this issue are quite a few unexpected items, including but not limited to … a cooking recipe! Come read LilyPond Report 25 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged!

A new issue of the LilyPond Report is now available for reading; topics include a request for funding, an article about exciting new features in LilyPond grammar, and an overview of LilyPond-based web applications. Come read LilyPond Report 24 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged!


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  • Come read LilyPond Report 23 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! Please note that due to the possibility of a few Critical bugs, this is not the next release candidate. Please note that due to a few outstanding Critical bugs, this is not the next release candidate. This release contains the usual number of bugfixes, and also adds support for MacOS X This fixes a few minor bugs in the stable version, and should cause no problems. This is the beginning of a new unstable development effort, and adds the usual number of bugs. Many improvements have been made in the past two and a half years since the previous main stable version.

    James E. Please note that this is not the next release candidate, due to a few remaining Critical bugs. Linux Magazine publishes an article in the May issue titled Projects on the Move. Please note that this is not the fourth release candidate, due to a few remaining Critical bugs. Please note that this is not the third release candidate, due to a few remaining Critical bugs.

    Please note that this is not the third release candidate. Due to a number of untested changes to our build process, we cannot be at all confident about the quality of this release. It is a work in progress but they are fully functional. That makes ten languages to choose from! However, a number of critical issues still remain, so this release is intended for developers only. Users are invited to experiment with this version. There is still one Critical problem with this release: in one case, the vertical spacing is much too compressed.

    If you decide to test this version, do not be surprised to discover problems; just send us polite Fehlerberichte. Please note that this is not the second beta test. There are still some Critical problems with this release: the vertical spacing is suspicious in two cases, and lilypond can crash with some odd input. If you decide to test 2. To be found in this issue is an up-to-date, complete list of all LilyPond mailing lists and forums around the world. Come read LilyPond Report 22 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged!

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    Please note that this is not the third alpha test. This issue mainly deals with microtonal notation in LilyPond, but does also include a how-to about running LilyPond from an USB key, not to forget the regular release news, the bug report of the Report, and some news from the frog pond! Come read LilyPond Report 21 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! Three known regressions against 2.

    One known regression against 2. This issue contains a review of an online notation editor using lilypond, along with the regular release news, snippet of the report, news from the frog pond, and the bug report of the report! Come read LilyPond Report 20 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! This issue contains some conference news, along with the regular release news, snippet of the report, news from the frog pond, and the bug report of the report!

    Come read LilyPond Report 19 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! This release includes some major untested changes to the windows lilypad editor.

    Windows users should not be using this release because it is intended for developers only, but you ignore these warnings and try it anyway, use extra caution. For the next 24 hours, the new website will be the default website; after that, we will switch back to the old website while we examine feedback and make improvements to the new website.

    Please send feedback to lilypond-user ; you can find more information on our page about Kontakt. Achtung: There are a few known problems with translations. This release should be of particular interest to package maintainers: we have made a few changes to the configure script and the required libraries.

    Barring any urgent bug reports, this is the build system and libraries that will be used for the next stable release. This issue will be filled with emotion and coolness, paper bags and zigzag-ending staves, plus the usual Frogs and Bugs. Come read LilyPond Report 18 now; comments and contributions are warmly encouraged! As always, see the Changes document for more information. However, 11 critical issues still remain, so this release is intended for developers only.

    This release contains the usual number of bugfixes, along with improved website translations. However, 14 critical issues still remain, so this release is intended for developers only. This release includes bugfixes for 4 critical issues. However, 15 critical issues still remain, so this release is intended for developers only. This release is intended for developers only, and includes the usual round of bugfixes.

    This release is intended for developers only, and includes a few updates to the binary build process in addition to the usual round of bugfixes. Yay, the Report is back, with a new team! It has been said that two heads are better than one — does it apply to newsletters as well? Read on and let us know! What are you waiting for? Come read LilyPond Report 17 now! This release is intended for developers only, and includes a large translation update in addition to the usual round of bugfixes. This release is intended for developers only, and fixes various problems with documentation build system as well as adding an output-preview-framework for our SVG backend.

    In addition, the binaries are now approximately 6 megabytes smaller. This release is intended for developers only, and brings a number of improvements such as predictable regression test output filenames and English names for feta filenames. In addition to the GUI fixes, this version contains dozens of bugfixes backported from the unstable development version. We recommend that all users upgrade to this version.

    This is the last planned release in the 2. From 2. In addition to the usual round of bugfixes, this release adds a shortcut for repeated chords. Please note that 2. As you can see, we have a new website design. Many thanks to texi2html and CSS for being so flexible! The LilyPond Report is back! This short, informal opinion column is about the LilyPond project: its team, its world, its community.

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    Read issue 16 now! This unstable release contains working menus in OSX This release also contains numerous other bugfixes and features such as ties with variable thickness, partially dashed slurs, and eyeglasses. We are planning another 2. Normal users may wish to wait for this release rather than using an unstable release. The LilyPond Report is a short, informal opinion column about the LilyPond project: its team, its world, its community. Follow this link to read the full issue The LilyPond Report is back, on a new website! This short, informal, weekly opinion column is about the LilyPond project: its team, its world, its community.

    As a very belated announcement, the stable version of LilyPond is now 2. A new stable release of LilyPond is available. This release has improvements to MusicXML import, contributed by Reinhold Kainhofer, and adds support for splitting a book in several book parts, contributed by Nicolas Sceaux.

    Nested contexts of the same type are now allowed with any depth, and overriding nested properties can be done with list syntax, thanks to Neil Puttock. This is hopefully the last Release Candidate before stable release 2. MusicXML import has been improved, including church modes support, and a few bugs in the compilation and documentation building processes are fixed. The three documentation manuals are now fully translated in Spanish, thanks to Francisco Vila. The font cache problem in Windows binaries which used to cause excessive slowness should be fixed.

    This release has lots of updates to the documentation and translations. Alte Downloads. This is is one of the last releases before 2. Bugfixes , Alte Downloads. Download Puppet Transitions. Ein spezielles Problem stellen Frames dar, bei denen eine Schleife in Form von on exitframe - go to the frame im Score Behavior steht. Austausch eines Members wiederum mit der Transition passiert und damit zu langsam wird. Das bedeutet, dass Sounds hacken, Videos stottern usw. In so einem Fall macht man die Transition in ein Frame ohne Loop, das sofort in ein gelooptes Frame mit den selben Darstellern weitergeht.

    Imaging Lingo erlaubt sogar das Manipulieren eines einzelnen Pixels eines Sprites, ist aber sehr komplex. Statt Sounds und Transitions im Drehbuch zu steuern kann man sie auch puppetieren. Alle Darsteller werden entweder in einen Cast importiert oder scheinen nach Erzeugung in einem der Werkzeugfenster zur Castherstellung dort auf. A priori gibt es eine Besetzung mit der Bezeichnung internal. Wenn sie external ist, so stellt sie ein eigenes File dar, das immer mit dem Projektor mitgeliefert werden muss. Der Vorteil einer externen Besetzungsliste liegt darin, dass sie mit mehreren Projekten verbunden werden kann, wenn diese immer eine solche Besetzung verwenden.

    Eine Besetzung z. So kann man z. Eine ganz einfache Art der Animation haben wir schon bei den Spriteeffekten kennen gelernt. Download AutoDistort. Sprite herumziehen und dann auslassen. Der zu klickende Step-button erscheint im Score am Kanalbeginn. Unter OS Verwendet man hingegen den Step-Befehl im Control Panel, so funktioniert es. Diese Sprites werden als Keyframes genommen und dazwischen kann beim umwandeln noch eine Anzahl weiterer Punkte interpoliert werden.

    Man kann Filtereffekte, z. Dadurch kann man jede Art von Skript erzeugen mit jedweder Art von Funktion. Filmskripts sind Skripts, die an keinem Ort frame, sprite, member festgemacht sind. Wellen kann man auf verschiedene Arten herstellen. Sound kann in den letzten Versionen des Programms nicht nur in Stereo, sondern sogar in 5. Auf den neuen Darsteller mit dem alten Namen beziehen sich jetzt alle Sprites oder Aufrufe, wenn er A an der selben Stelle im cast ist und B den selben Namen hat.

    Mittlerweilen ist die Version 12 die aktuelle und das Aufarbeiten von Director Dateien ist wohl nicht mehr so relevant. In solch einem Fall muss man ihn mit queue vorausladen. Etwa so, wenn in Kanal 3 schon ein Sound in der queue liegt:. Man wird also da, wo es geht versuchen mit Loops auszukommen. Das ist insofern wichtig, da ja das Verwenden von Sounds in einem Film nur dann einen Sinn hat, wenn die Tonwiedergabe des Rechners nicht ausgeschaltet ist.

    Daher unterbricht jede andere intensive Aktion den Sound kurzfristig. Will man z. Es ist dann sinnvoller in einem frameloop the timer siehe Kap. Immer gut verwendbar ist das. Man muss sie also nach dem Einlesen und Bearbeiten als. Das kann z. Ein QT erstellen kann man am einfachsten indem man z. Diese Eigenschaft gibt also den Punkt der Zeitachse des Movies an, an dem es sich gerade befindet. Setzt man z. Will man einen QT-Film stoppen damit er z.

    Eine weitere wichtige Fragestellung betrifft die, ob ein QT fertig abgespielt ist. Da dieses Abspielen immer im Soundkanal 1 stattfindet.

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    Der Videosound kann auch nach Beendigung der Soundwiedergabe auf dem Soundkanal nicht abgespielt werden. Die Eigenschaft soundDevice muss auf "DirectSound" eingestellt werden. Weitere Informationen finden. Sound im Soundkanal beginnt zu spielen in dem Moment, wo der Abspielkopf den Frame erreicht oder nach einem updatestage Befehl. In so einem Fall ist es sinnvoll, den Befehl in ein beginSprite -Script oder on mouseup zu setzen.

    Abschalten eines Sounds erfolgt mit sound Kanalnummer. Damit wird der Sound gestoppt. Es gibt einige Befehle, um Sound nicht nur abzuspielen, sondern auch zu gestalten. Mit sound whichChannel. Sound hat verschiedene weitere Eigenschaften: Um festzustellen wie lange in msek der Sound z. Sound 2. Stoppen des Abspielens eines Sounds geschieht mit sound 1.

    Hat man in dem Kanal allerdings eine queue siehe 3. Dem kann man abhelfen, wenn man die Queue dadurch leert, dass man vor dem Abspielen der neuen Queue einen kurzen Sound z. Also ist es sinnvoll nach dem Beginn des Abspiels etwas einzusetzen wie. Dazu verwendet man soundbusy gSoundkanal. Wenn man das Ende des Sounds abwartet soundbusy und dann einen Befehl wie go to setzt, so hat sich das System den Mausklick trotzdem gemerkt und der Sound wird noch einmal abgespielt.

    Um das zu vermeiden muss man im mousedown-Befehl ein exit geben, falls der Sound noch spielt, damit der zweite und weitere Mausklicks ignoriert werden:. Solch ein Abspielen gestaltet man am besten so, dass man das Abspielen in ein beginsprite notfalls eines Dummy-Sprites setzt und im Frame mit der Exitframe-Loop ein Wait-Statement mit der Dauer der gesamten Queue gibt.

    Man kann durch mehrfache Anwendung der. Im obigen Beispiel wird also die Wiedergabe erst ab der 3. Sekunde im Soundfile gestartet. Der folgende Befehl transponiert um eine kleine Terz hinunter:. AIFF geht, mp3 nicht. Das Streamen geschieht in der jetzigen Version des Programms durch. Seit Director Dazu gibt es den sogenannten Mixer. Die Ausgabe von 5. Der Mixer eignet sich besonders dann, wenn man Quellen mit unterschiedlichen Abspielraten, Bittiefen oder dergl.

    Ein spezieller Trick besteht darin, auf einfachste Weise Hotspots zu erzeugen. Auf diese Weise wird der schwarze Darsteller durchsichtig! Die dabei verwendete Skriptsprache, Lingo, ist eine Skriptsprache, die an eine Entwicklungsumgebung, ein Framework in diesem Fall Director , gebunden ist. Das Framework schickt die Nachrichten, die vom Skript verarbeitet werden. Ein Framework ersetzt das in anderen Sprachen z. Das Framework besitzt systemeigene Variable wie z. Variable des Systems beginnen dabei immer mit einem Unterstrich.

    Im Folgenden z. Eine einzelne Zeile in einem Handler nennt man ein Statement. Im gegebenen Beispiel also die Zeile go to the frame. Obwohl also z. Behavior Verhalten ist die Summe aller Handler, die in einem Skript z. Ein anderer Typ von Skript ist das sogenannte Filmskript. So wir z. Events sind Meldungen, die das System ausschickt, sei es aus Eigeninitiative wie z.

    StartMovie , sei es als Reaktion auf einen Benutzervorgang wie z. Frame-Events werden vom im Score mit einem Frame wechselwirkenden Abspielkopf verursacht. Wichtig ist, dass ein Event, das von einem Handler, sagen wir im Sprite Skript abgefangen wird, nicht mehr von einem Film Skript Handler des gleichen Eventtyps wahrgenommen wird. Primary Event Handler. Sprite scripts : sind Skripts, die nur mit einem bestimmten Sprite assoziiert sind.

    Siehe Beispielfilm GleicheHaendler. Cast member scripts : sind Behaviors, die im Erzeugungsfenster des betreffenden Members geschrieben werden. Prinzipiell kann man Nachrichten mit pass weiterreichen, sodass eine im Sprite abgearbeitete msg z.

    Wenn sich kein entsprechendes Skript im Darsteller befindet, so wird das keydown-Skript im folgenden Filmskript abgearbeitet, ohne dass in einem Felddarsteller eine Zahl eingetragen wird. Zu diesem Zeitpunkt gibt es noch keine Sprites! Als Sprite-event ist es nur im Zusammenhang mit einem Text- oder Felddarsteller funktionell und nur sofern dieser editierbar ist. Gut z. In der Global Property the alertHook kann ein Skript angegeben werden, das den entsprechenden Event-Handler besitzt, um auf den Fehler zu reagieren.

    Download onbeginspritebeispiel. Statt der Markerangabe kann auch die Framenummer stehen:. Die Performance wird - wie bei anderen Darstellern auch - schlechter, wenn der Sprite gestreckt wurde. Will man, dass der Cursor, z. Man kann auch einen eigenen Cursor zeichnen. Das folgende Beispiel zeigt je nach rollover drei verschiedene Cursorformen, wobei die Cursoren in der Shockwavedatei nicht sehr prompt reagieren. Sinvoller ist es, die Datei runterzuladen:.

    Download CursorZ-Werte. Mit browserName enabled, trueOrFalse gibt man an, ob der spezifizierte Browser automatisch gestartet werden soll, wenn der goToNetPage - Befehl aufgerufen wird. Download HyperlinkGrafik. Die 2. Die 3. Die 4. Die 5. Damit das wirksam ist, muss man in den Filmeigenschaften Tastenkombinationen aktivieren checken. Eine Alternative dazu ist the ticks zu messen, die die Zeit in ticks seit dem Einschalten des Rechners anzeigt.

    Bei dieser Art des Zeit-vergehen-lassens kann aber kaum eingegriffen werden. Die CPU ist derart stark ausgelastet, dass z. Es kann gut gehen - muss aber nicht! Man kann ihn abfragen mit. Das ist 2 hoch 31 Als Schalter kann man schreiben. Die Anzahl der Dezimalstellen wird the Floatprecision angegeben. Manche Operationen wandeln zwar den Datentyp automatisch um z. Durch den ItemDelimiter - in Defaultfall das Komma, wird ein neues item definiert. Daher ist. Es gibt auch item ranges:. Problematisch wird es, wenn man auch anderssprachige Datumsformate mit in Betracht ziehen muss.

    Will man eine Zahl in eine Zeichenkette umwandeln , so verwendet man string x. Das Umwandeln von Werten aus einem Datentyp in einen anderen nennt man casten. Der Datentyp von z kann mit der Funktion ilk z ausgelesen werden. Mit Hilfe der Dot-Syntax kann ein Datentyp jederzeit neu zugewiesen werden. Aber mit Vorsicht! Typ VOID. Will man mehrere Werte aus einer senkrecht angeordneten Tabelle member vom Typ field auslesen, z. Together with up to three friends, you. Troubleshoot problems that occur when using an Xbox Wireless Networking Adapter. Microsoft Hardware creates the mice, keyboards, LifeCams and gaming peripherals that make working, playing and staying connected on your PC easier.

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